對於一個家庭的磨難與堅韌的有力表述 | 蓋茨筆記

  來源:比爾蓋茨

  I have written before about two books — An American Marriage and The New Jim Crow — that really broadened my understanding of some of the hardships faced by Black people in America. There』s a movie out now called Time that ranks up there with both of them. It was nominated for Best Documentary at the Academy Awards this year, and I can see why. I can』t recommend it highly enough.

  我曾就《美國式婚姻》和《新吉姆·克勞》這兩本書寫過文章——它們確實使我對美國黑人所面臨的一些困難有了更深入的了解。現在上映了一部叫做《時間》的電影,與這兩本書一樣佔據一席之地。它獲得了今年奧斯卡金像獎最佳紀錄長片獎提名,我能知道原因。我如何推薦它都不為過。

  I saw Time at the Sundance Film Festival last year (before the COVID-19 pandemic shut things down) on the recommendation of a friend who served as an executive producer on the movie. It is available for streaming now on Amazon Prime.

  在擔任這部電影執行製片人的朋友推薦下,我在去年的聖丹斯電影節上看了《時間》(這是在新冠肺炎大流行迫使各項活動暫停之前)。你現在可以在 亞馬遜 Prime平台上觀看它。

  On the surface, Time is about a Black mother of six named Sibil Fox Richardson who is trying to get her husband, Robert, out of state prison in Louisiana. He was sentenced to 60 years for armed robbery; much of the movie takes place at a time when he has been in prison nearly 18 years. Sibil—who also goes by the name Fox Rich—participated in the robbery and served three and a half years herself.

  從表面上看,《時間》是關於一個育有六個孩子的黑人母親的故事,她的名字叫西比爾·福克斯·理查森,正嘗試把她的丈夫羅伯特從路易斯安那州立監獄中解救出來。他因持械搶劫被判處60年徒刑。電影中的大部分情節都發生在他入獄近18年的時候。西比爾(她也被人叫做福克斯·里奇)參与了那次搶劫,並因此獲刑三年半。

  The movie is not about whether Robert and Sibil committed the crime. They did. It is partly about the impact on a family of locking up a father for 60 years—and very much about their family』s resilience.

  這部電影不是講羅伯特和西比爾是否犯了罪。那的確是他們乾的。電影部分講述了將一名父親關押60年對一個家庭造成的影響,以及很多關於這個家庭的堅韌。

  Many documentaries I』ve seen lay out all the facts in a clear storyline: this happened, then that happened. Time doesn』t work that way. The director, Garrett Bradley, is not interested in explaining every fact. You learn only a few details about the robbery and their separate trials, although there is a long sequence in which Sibil talks about making amends with the victims of their crime.

  我看過的許多紀錄片都以一條清晰的故事線列出所有事實:這個先發生,接著那個再發生。《時間》並沒有採取這種做法。導演加雷特·布萊德利對於解釋每一個事實並不感興趣。你只會了解關於這次搶劫和他們各自審判的少量細節,雖然電影中有很長一段關於西比爾講對受害者做出的補償。

  Although Time doesn』t tell you much, it shows you a lot. It is a poetic portrait of a family who love and support each other despite their difficult circumstances. In one scene, one of the couple』s sons graduates from a dental program. But the movie doesn』t take time to explain what kind of degree he got, or much of anything else. It is all about the joy of his accomplishment and how the family comes together to celebrate. The details are not as important as the way they show up for each other.

  儘管《時間》沒有告訴你很多,但它向你展示了很多。這是對於一個家庭的詩意刻畫,這個家庭儘管遭遇困難的處境,卻依舊深愛並支持著彼此。在一個場景中,這對夫婦的其中一個兒子從牙科專業畢業。但電影並沒有花時間解釋他獲得的是何種學位,也沒解釋其他很多東西,而是都在描寫他獲得成就的喜悅,以及這個家庭如何聚在一起慶祝。比起他們為彼此加油打氣的方式來說,細節並不那麼重要。

  The same is true of the movie』s portrayal of Sibil』s efforts to help Robert and speak out more broadly against mass incarceration. She is repeatedly told that there is no news about her husband』s case. There are painfully long scenes of her waiting on the phone to speak to a bureaucrat about a judge』s ruling. It is not always quite clear what the particular ruling in question might be, but again, that is not what matters. The point is how impersonally and inhumanely the system treats everyone caught up in it, including the offenders and their families, and how much time and energy are required to navigate it. This idea is important in American Marriage and New Jim Crow too, but with this movie, you see it first-hand.

  同樣的處理被用在描寫西比爾如何幫助羅伯特,以及如何更廣泛地大胆抗議大規模監禁。她一再被告知沒有關於她丈夫案子的新消息。電影中有很多漫長到讓人感到痛苦的場景,關於她在電話里等待著與一位長官溝通法官的判決。我們不總是清楚地知道他們具體談論的判決是哪一個,但這再一次表現得無足輕重。重點在於,這個系統對待被捲入其中的每個人——包括罪犯和他們的家人——是多麼的冷漠無情和慘無人道,以及人們需要多少時間和精力才能駕馭這個系統。這個觀點在《美國式婚姻》和《新吉姆·克勞》中也很重要,但有了這部電影,你可以直接看到它。

  This is one of the most intimate movies I have ever seen. It records events that are almost unbearably emotional. There is one scene at the end that is unlike anything I had ever seen before in a documentary. I don』t want to reveal what happens, so I will just say that I could not believe I was watching it. It was that powerful.

  《時間》是我看過最沒有距離感的電影之一。它所記錄的事件具有幾乎令人難以承受的情感。影片的結尾有一幕與我以往在紀錄片看過的都不一樣,我不想劇透,所以只能說我不敢相信我當時正在看的東西。那實在令人震撼。

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